Learners have knowledge of at least 1200 items, including the core items in Band I

an/a
about
above
across
action
address (n)
afraid
after
afternoon
again
age
ago
agree
all
(not)
at
all
almost
alone
alphabet
already
also
always
am, I’m
and
angry
animal
another
answer (n)
answer (v)
any
anyone
anything
appear
April
are
arrive
at
ask
for ask
at
at home
August
autumn
away
back
Give back the money!
bad
bag
baby
be
beautiful
because
of because
bed
before
begin
behind
believe
beside
best
better
between
big
birthday
a bit (of)
black
blue
board
body
book
bored
boring
bottle
box
boy
bread
break (v)
breakfast
bring
brother
brown
build
bus
busy
but
buy
by
by the wall
call
Please call me at six!
They called him Tom.
can (v)
capital
a capital letter
car
Take care!
careful
Be careful!
cat
catch
center
chair
change (v)
cheap
children
(child)
chocolate
class
classroom
clean (v)
clean (adj)
clear
close (v)
closed (adj)
coffee
cold
color
come
come back
computer
cool
copy (v)
cost (v)
count
country
course of
the cross
street/road
cry (v)
cut (v)
dad
dark
date
daughter
day
Have a good day!
Dear (as in email/letter)
Dear Mr. Herz, . . .
December
decide
dictionary
different
difficult
doctor
do
dog
don't
Don't go! Don't touch it!
door
down
draw
dress (n)
drink (v)
drive (v)
dry (adj)
each
early
ears
easy
eat
eighteen
eighty
eleven
email
the end
in the end
English
enjoy
enough
enter
evening
every
everybody
everyone
everything
example
for example
excuse me
exercise (n)
expensive
extra
eyes
face
in fact
fair
That's not fair!
fall (v)
family
far
fast
They run fast.
father
favorite
February
feel
a few
fifteen
fifth
fifty
film
find
find out
fine
a fine day
Fine!
finish
fire (n)
first
five
flower
fly (v)
food
foot, feet
for
forget
four
fourteen
fourth
forty
free (adj)
I'm free this afternoon.
It costs nothing. It's free.
Friday
friend
from
in front of
full
funny
game
garden
get
girl
give
glad
glass
go
go on
going to
good
good at
goodbye
grade
I study in the sixth grade.
grade
My final grade was 90.
great
green
grow
guess (n)
guess (v)
hair
half
past half
hand
hang
happen
happy
hard (adj)
(adv (hard
hard work
hat
have
he to have
head
hear
hello
help
her
herself
here
high
him
himself
his
hold
home
hope (v)
hot
hour
house
how
How are you?
hundred
hungry
idea
if
immediately
important
impossible
in
inside
interested in
interesting
into
invite
is
it
its
itself
January
job
June
July
just
She's just a bureaucrat.
keep
kid
kind (n)
of kind
know
large
last (adj)
night last
late
learn
least at
leave
left
I write with my left hand.
less
lesson
let's
letter
The last letter of the alphabet is Z.
letter
I wrote a letter to my cousin.
lie
It was wrong to lie to my friend.
lie down
life
light (n)
(prep (like
like (v)
listen
little
a little girl
live (v)
look
long
lost at
a lot of
lots of love
lunch
make
man, men
many
how many?
March
it doesn't matter
What's the matter?
May
maybe
me
mean
I mean
Do you mind?
minus
minute (n)
in a minute
mistake
mix
mom/mum
at the moment
Monday
money
month
moon
more
morning
most
mother
mouth
move
movie
Mr.
Mrs.
Ms.
much
How much?
music
my
myself
name
What's your name?
My name is...
near
need
neighbor
never
new
news
next
next to
nice
night
at night
nine
nineteen
ninety
no
nobody
no-one
not
notebook
nothing
November
now
number (n)
October
of
often
OK/okay
old
How old are you?
I'm ____ years old.
on
once
once upon a time
one
only
open (v)
open (adj)
or
other
our
ourselves
out
over
own
(my own, your own...)
He writes his own poetry.
parents
page
paper
part (n)
past (n & adj)
pay (v)
pen
pencil
people
perhaps
person
up pick
picture
piece (of)
place (n)
plan (n)
plan (v)
play
play a game
please
poor
possible
practice (p)
problem
no problem!
project
pupil
push
put
question
quick
quiet
Be quiet!
radio
read
ready
Are you ready?
I'm ready.
real
really
red
remember
rest (v)
return
rich
right
my right hand
right
the right answer.
right now
all right, alright
road
room
round
rule
run
sad
the same (as)
Saturday
say
school
second
I was happy with second place.
see
send
sentence
September
seven
seventeen
seventy
she
short
The movie was short.
shout
show (v)
shut (adj)
shut (v)
sick
side (n)
sign (n)
simple
sing
sister
sit
six
sixteen
sixty
size?
What size...?
sky
sleep
special
spring
summer
slow
small
smart
You look very smart!
smile (n)
smile (v)
so
some
somebody
something
sometimes
son
soon
song
sorry
I'm sorry
speak
spell (v)
sport
start
still
They're still waiting.
story
straight
strong
student
suddenly
sun
Sunday
supper
sure
take
talk (v)
tall
tea
teach
telephone
television
tell
tell a story
test
than
thank you
thanks
that
the
their
them
themselves
then
there
there is, there are
these
they
thing
think
third
thirteen
thirty
this
those
three
Thursday
time
What's the time?
The time is...
to
today
together
tomorrow
tonight
too
You can come too.
too
The question is too hard.
too much
town
tree
go on a trip
truck
true
try
Tuesday
turn (v)
turn left/right
twenty
two
under
understand
until
up
us
use (v)
usually
vacation
very
wait (for) (v)
walk
wall
want
was, were
wash
watch
water
way
Which way ...?
we
wear
Wednesday
week
welcome
You're welcome!
well
I feel very well.
well
He did the job well.
as well
as well as
Well done!
What a pity
shame!
what
when
where
while
white
who
why
will
window
winter
wish
with
without
woman, women
wonderful
word
work
world
worse
worst
write
wrong
year
yellow
yes
yesterday
you
young
your

Learners apply their grammatical knowledge in order to achieve the benchmarks at the Foundation Level.

The lists below, alphabetically ordered, refer to grammatical components to be taught explicitly (productive knowledge): the rule meanings and forms are taught, practiced and used in communication. The lists are according to syntax, verbs, nouns, adjectives/adverbs, prepositions and conventions of print and prosody. The lists do not include grammar that learners are naturally exposed to in the teaching/learning process in the classroom (receptive knowledge).

The process of learning grammar in the fourth grade includes learning lexical items, lexical chunks and syntactic patterns. (See the table below for examples.) Learning the rules for the appropriate grammatical structures begins in the fifth grade.

Syntax
  • simple sentence structure (subject–be–complement, subject-verb-object), including affirmative, negative, interrogative (‘yes/no’ and ‘WH’ questions)
  • compound sentence structure using connectors, such as, and, but, because, or
  • there is/there are
Verbs
  • affirmative, negative and interrogative forms of the present simple
  • affirmative, negative and interrogative forms of the past simple
  • affirmative, negative and interrogative forms of the present progressive
  • modals: can, should, must + verb
  • future (will / be going to)
  • imperative
  • contracted forms
Nouns
  • count/non-count nouns
  • definite/indefinite articles (a/an/the)
  • demonstrative pronouns (this, that, these, those)
  • personal subject pronouns
  • object pronouns
  • possessive determiners
  • possessive's
Adjectives/Adverbs
  • basic quantifiers, such as some, any, many, much for count and non-count nouns
  • comparative and superlative
  • position of adverbs
Prepositions (according to Band I)
Writing Conventions
  • punctuation (period, comma, question mark, exclamation point)
  • capital letters
  • apostrophe marks for contracted forms
Conventions of Prosody
  • comprehensible pronunciation of known lexical items
  • stress and intonation patterns of familiar words, lexical chunks and utterances

Learners have knowledge of at least 3200 items, including the core items in Bands I and II.

ability
able
absent
absolutely
accept
by accident
according to
account
take into account
act (v)
My dog is acting strangely.
to act in a play
active
activity
actually
add
in addition (to)
admit
adult
advantage
advertise
advertisement
advice
advise
afford
after
all
against
ahead (of)
go ahead
aim (v)
air
alive
along
along with
alphabet
in alphabetical order
alternative
although
altogether
among
amount
announcement
another
any time
anywhere / any place
apart from
apartment
apologize
appearance
apply to
Arab area
argue
argument
They had a loud argument.
army
around
arrange
arrangement
arrive (at)
art
article
an article in a newspaper
as
as…as
as soon as
as if
asleep
assessment
available
awake
aware
awful
base (v)
based on
basic
basis
beat
He beat me at tennis.
become
Beduin/Bedouin
behave
behavior
belong to
below
beyond
date of birth
blame (v)
blood
blow (v)
boat
border
was born
both… and
bother (v)
don't bother
bottom
brain
branch (n)
bridge (n)
bright
broad
business
calendar
camera
camp (n)
cancel
capital (city)
card
take care of
cash
in common (with)
credit
card
carry
carry out
case
He was carrying a case.
case
It was an interesting case.
in any case
cause
celebrate
celebration
century
certain
chance
by chance
chapter
character
in charge of
check (v)
choice
choose
Christian
Circassian
circle (n)
city
clever
climate
climb
club
clue
clothes
cloud
coast
coat
code (n)
collect
comfortable
common
in common
communication
company
compare
complain
complete (v)
complete (adj)
condition
on condition (that)
connect
connection
consider
contact (v)
contents
continue
control (n)
control (v)
under control
conversation
cook
corner
correct
could
couple
course
I took a course
a couple of
cover (v)
crazy
cream
There is cream on the cake.
She put cream on her face.
create
crime
crowd
culture
cupboard
dance
danger
in danger
dangerous
dead
deal (n)
deal with
a good/great deal
death
deep
definitely
definition
delete
deliver
depend on
It depends…
describe
description
desk
detail (n)
difference
make a difference
It makes no difference.
dig (v)
digital
dinner
direction
director
disappear
disappointed
discover
discuss
discussion
divide
to do with
doubt (n)
doubt (v)
no doubt
dramatic
dream
dress
drop (v)
Druz/Druze
due to
during
each other
earth
east
education
effect (n)
make an effort
either…or
electric
else
What else?
nothing else
empty
encourage
energy
engine
enormous
environment
equal
especially
even
We worked even harder.
even if/though
ever
ever since
exact
exactly
examination
exciting
excellent
except
expect
experience (n)
explain
explanation
expert
express (v)
extremely
fail
false
famous
as far as
so far
fat
fear
feed
feel like
festival
few
Few people came.
field
fight (n)
fight (v)
file (n)
fill
fill in/fill out
final
finally
finger
at first
first of all
fish (n)
fit (v)
fix (v)
flat (adj)
floor
follow the
following
force (to)
foreign
forest
forever
forgive
form (n)
form (v)
fortunately
forward
free
The bird is free.
I’m free this afternoon free.
It costs nothing, it’s free.
frequently
fresh
frightening
fruit
fun
furniture
future
garbage
gas
general
in general
get back
get off
get on
get rid of
get away
get up
give up
go ahead
go away
go back
go down
go out
go up
G-d
government
grammar
graph
gray
ground
guy
on the one hand
on the other hand
hardly
hate (v)
headache
health
healthy
heart
heat
height
heavy
hers
hide
history
hit
holiday
honest
horrible
hospital
hotel
however
huge
hurt (v)
husband
no idea
identify
identity
ill
imagine
improve
include
increase
indeed
independent
individual
information
for instance
instead of
intelligent
international
interview (n)
interview (v)
introduce
invent
invitation
involved (with)
island
issue (n)
item
Jew, Jewish
join
joke (n)
key
kind (adj)
knife
label (n)
lady
land (n)
at last
laugh (v)
lay
lead (v)
lead to
leader
least
let
library
be likely to
line
limit
limited to
link
a little
We walked a little.
A little sugar, please.
load (n)
local
lock (v)
long ago
long before
as long as
no longer
look after
look for
look forward to
look like
look up
lose
loud
low
lucky
machine
magazine
mail (n)
mail (v)
main
mainly
mad
The movie was about a mad scientist.
manage to
map
mark (n)
mark (v)
market
marry
match (v)
material
math(s)
no matter
maximum
may
meal
meat
member
mention
might
million
mind (v)
Never mind!
I don’t mind.
Do you mind…?
mine
The car is mine.
minimum
modern
moment
more and more
more or less
Moslem/Muslim
mountain
museum
must
nation
nature
neat
necessary
neither …nor
nervous
newspaper
noise
none
normal
north
not only
note
notice (n)
notice (v)
a number of
object (n)
occur
odd
Your behavior is odd.
offer (n)
offer (v)
office
oil
once again
once more
at once
one another
onto
operate
operation
opinion
in my opinion
opportunity
opposite
ordinary
order (n)
order (v)
in order to
ought to
ours
organize
original
on one's own
pair
park (v)
park (n)
take part
in particular
partner
party
passenger
pass
past (prep)
perfect (adj)
photo, photograph
take place
plenty of
plus
point of view
police
popular
position
possible
power
powerful
predict
prefer
present (n)
a birthday present
present (n, adj)
past, present and future
at present
pressure
previous
price
print
private
prize
probably
process (n)
program (n)
proper
protect
proud
prove
provide
public
purpose
on purpose
quarter
quite
quite a lot
race (n)
railway/railroad
rain
raise
rather
rather than
would rather
reach
realize
reason
receive
recent
recognize
record (v)
regular
relate
relation
relax
religion
religious
remind
repeat (v)
reply (n)
reply (v)
report (n)
report (v)
request (n)
request (v)
respect (n)
respect (v)
responsible (for)
responsibility
the rest
result
as a result of
rice
ride (v)
ring (v)
rise
risk (n)
river
role
safe
sale on
sale
salt
save
save money/time
schedule
science
score (n)
sea
search
season
seat (n)
second (n)
secret
seem
self
sell
serious
serve
service
set (n)
set (v)
set up
several
shape (n)
shirt
shoes
shop
shopping
go shopping
should
shoot
silent
silence
silly
silver
similar (to)
since
singer
single
site
smell (v)
smoke
so that
and so on
social
society
soft
solve
sort (n)
sort (v)
sort of
sort out
sound (n)
sound (v)
south
space
specific
speed
spend
spend money/time
in spite of
stage
standard
star
state (v)
state (n)
the State of Israel
state
the state of play
statement
station
step (n)
stick (v)
stage
the first stage of the game
stay
store (n)
strange
strike (v)
go on strike
study (v)
stuff
stupid
subject
the subject of the article
succeed (in)
suggest
suggestion
suit (v)
support (v) suppose
make sure
surprise
sweet
switch off
switch on
taste (v)
team
technology
teenager (teen)
tend to
term
terrible
text
over there
-th (fifth, sixth…)
theirs
therefore
thick
thin
thought (n)
through
throw
throw away/out
thousand
ticket
tidy
all the time
by the time
in time
on time
at the same time
title
tool
top
topic
total
touch
in touch with
tour
toward/towards
tradition traffic
train (n)
translate
translation
transport
trash (n)
travel (v)
treasure
treat
trick
trouble
trust (v)
tune
type (n)
type (v)
ugly
unit
unless
up to
used to
We used to live in Eilat.
be used to
I’m used to waiting.
useful
usual
as usual
vacation
vegetable
view
village
visit (n)
visit (v)
voice
wake up
warm (adj)
warn
waste (v)
wave (v)
by the way
on the way
weather
weight
west
whatever
which
on the whole
the whole
whose
wide
wife
win (v)
wind (n)
within
wonder (v)
wood
It’s made of wood.
in other words
at work
worth …ing
would
worried (about)
worry
yet
not yet
yours
zero

Learners apply their grammatical knowledge in order to achieve the benchmarks at the Intermediate Level. The lists below, alphabetically ordered, refer to grammatical components to be taught explicitly (productive knowledge): the rule is taught, practiced and applied. The lists are according to syntax, verbs, nouns, adjectives/adverbs, prepositions and conventions of print and prosody. The lists do not include grammar that learners are naturally exposed to in the teaching/learning process in the classroom (receptive knowledge).

Syntax
  • complex sentence structure using connectors introducing subordinate clauses, such as when, because, that
  • tag questions
  • complex sentence structure with relative clauses
  • complex sentence structure with indirect speech
  • complex sentence structure with first conditional/time clause
  • complex sentence structure with indirect speech
  • future using the present progressive
  • gerunds/infinitives
  • verbs followed by the infinitive or base form, such as let, help, make
  • modals such as can/could/be able to, must/have to, should, may/might
  • passive - present simple, past simple, progressive, with modals
  • past perfect simple
  • past progressive
  • present perfect simple
  • stative verbs
  • used to + verb
Nouns
  • relative pronouns
Adjectives/Adverbs
  • as…as
  • less and least
  • relative adverbs (where, when, why)
Prepositions (according to Band II) Writing Conventions
  • quotation marks
  • parenthetical punctuation, such as parentheses, dashes, commas

Learners have knowledge of at least 5,400 items, including the core items in Bands I, II.

Band III - Introduction:

The core list for proficiency level (Band III) consists of about 2,000 useful lexical items for this level, of which about 300 are frequently used chunks (phrases, expressions and phrasal verbs) that will be a continuation of the core vocabulary list for intermediate level. Note that in contrast to the previous Bands, single-word items are in a separate list from the chunks.

Our assumption is that a substantial number of the items on the core list will already be familiar to the students. The three core lists (Bands I, II and III) together with a similar number of items (extension vocabulary) chosen freely by teachers and textbook writers will hopefully bring the students to a lexical threshold of at least 5,400 items, which will enable them to cope with 5 point Bagrut texts targeting B2 reading level for Bagrut students according to the CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference) standards.

To the Proficiency Level Grammar

Lexical ItemPart of SpeechExample
a.m.
absencev
absoluteadj
abstractadj
abusen+v
acceptable, acceptanceadj, n
accessv+n
accompanyv
accordinglyadv
accuracy, accuratelyadj, n, adv
accurate, inaccurate, adj,
achieve, achievementv, n
acknowledge, acknowledgment, acknowledgedv, n, adj
acquire, acquisitionv, n
act, inactive, actorv, adj, n
actualadjThe actual facts
adapt, adapted, adaptationv, adj, n
additional, additionallyadj, adv
addressvWe need to address the problem.
adequate, adequately, inadequateadj,
administrationn
adopt, adoptionv, n
adust, adjustmentadv, v, n
advance, advancedv, adj,
advocaten+v
affairadjn
affectv
afford, affordablev
afterwardsadv
agent, agencyn, n
aggression, aggressivebehaviorn
agreement, inagreementn
agriculture, agriculturaln, adj
aidn+v
airportn
allowv
alter, alterationv, n
amongstprep
analogyn
analyze, analysisv, n
ancientadj
announce, announcementv, n
annualadj
anxious, anxietyadj, n
anybodyp
anymoreadv
anywayadv
apparent, apparentlyadj, adv
applicationn
appreciate, appreciationv, n
approachv+n
appropriateadj
approve, approvalv, n
approximatelyadv
Asianadj
aspectn
aspire, aspirationv, n
assignmentn
assist, assistancev, n
associate, associationv, n
assume, assumptionv, n
attachment, attachn, v
attackv+n
attemptn+v
attend, attendancev, n
attituden
attract, v, n, adjA tourist attraction.
Magnetic attraction
attraction, attractive
audiencen
authenticadj
authorn
authoritynA boss has authority over the workers.
She is an authority on sociology.
The Palestinian Authority.
autonomy, autonomousn, adj
averagen+adj
avoidv
awardn+v
backadv
backgroundn+adj
backupvHe backed up his friend.
Make sure you back up your work on the computer.
balancen+v
balln
bann+v
bandnThe band played some music.
banknPut your money in the bank.
barnA bar of chocolate.
A bar of a cage.
We bought some orange juice at the bar.
barelyadj
barriern
basicallyn
battlen
beachn
bearvI can't bear it!
beautyn
beginningnAt the beginning
beliefn
beneathprep
benefit, beneficialv, adj
biasn
billnPay the bill.
A dollar bill.
billionn
bindv
biology, biologicaln, adj
birdn, adj
blockv+n
boldadj
bondn
bonen
boundaryn
breaknTake a short break! A break in relations.
breath, breathen, v
brief, brieflyadj, adv
Britishadj+nThe British people.
Do you like the British?
budgetn
buildingn
burnv
cabinetn
calculate, calculationv, n
campaignn+vThe political party's campaign was successful: they were elected.
We were campaigning for equal rights.
cancern
candidaten
capable, capabilityadj, n
capacitynThis student has great capacity for hard work.
The hall has a seating capacity of 1000.
capturen
careern She had a very successful career.
carefullyadj
categoryn
Catholicn+adj
cellnOur body is made up of cells.
A prison cell.
cellphonenTurn off your cell (phone).
censusn
central, centrallyadj, adv
certainlyadv
chainn
chair(man, woman, nShe was chair of the committee.
challengen+v
change(n)n
channeln
characteristicn+adj
charge(v)vThey charged too much money.
Charge a battery.
checklistn
chemistry, chemicaln, adj
chickenn
chiefn+adj
chiefofstaffn
Chinesen+adjChinese food.
The Chinese are an oriental nation.
Christmasn+adj
churchn
circumstance(s)n
citev
citizen, citizenshipn
civil, civilianadj, adj
civilized, civilizationadj, n
claimn+v
clarify, clarificationv, n
classifyv
clearlyadj
clientn
colleaguen
collectionn
collegen
combine, combinationv, n
commandern
commentn+v
commerce, commercialn, adj
commit, commitmentv, nCommit a crime.
They committed themselves.
They were committed to helping the poor: it was a serious commitment.
committeen
communityn
comparison, comparativen, adj
compete, competition, competitivev, n, adj
completelyadv
complexadj
componentn
compose, compositionv, n
comprehend, comprehensionv, n
comprehensiveadj
comprise, comprisedofv, adj
concentrate, concentrationv, nPlease concentrate on the assignment!
The population was concentrated in the cities.
conceptn
concern, concernedn, adjAs far as I'm concerned.
It's no concern of yours.
I'm concerned about these problems.
conclusion, concluden, vin conclusion, . . .
We may conclude that the answer is wrong.
conductn, v He conducted a study.
She conducted the band.
conferencen
confident, confidenceadj, nShe has a lot of self-confidence.
confirm, confirmationv, nPlease confirm the arrangements .
The research confirms my hypothesis.
conflictn
consensusn
consequence, consequentlyn, adv
considerable, considerablyadj, adv
considerationnTake into consideration.
considered(as)adj
consistv
consistent, consistentlyadj, adv
constant, constantlyin constant contact.
We're constantly hearing about this event.
constitutionnThe American Constitution is a list of laws.
construct, constructionv, n
consume, consumern
contain, containerv, n
contemporaryadj
contextn
continuous, continuouslyadj, adv
contradictv
contrastn+vIn contrast.
contribute, contributionv, n
convention, conventionaln, adj
convertv
conveyv
cooperate, cooperationv, n
coordinate, coordinationv, n
coren+adj
correspondv
counciln
countvThat doesn't count, it's not relevant.
coverv, nYour essay covers all the main points.
The book has a nice cover.
creative, creationadj, n
criminaln+adj
crisisn
criterion(pl:criteria)n
critical
criticize, criticism, adj
crucialadj
current, currentlyadj
curriculumn
customern
cutv Cut the cost of production.
cyclen
dailyadj
damagen+v
datan
debaten+v
debtnIn debt (to)
decaden
decisionn
declare, declaration v, n
declinen
declinev To decline an invitation.
Decline and fall.
decreasev+n
defend, defensev+n
definev
degreen100 degrees.
An academic degree.
delegationn
demandv+n
democracy, democraticn, adj
demonstrate, demonstrationv, n
deny, denialv, n
depart, departurev, n
departmentn
depress, depressed, depression, depressingv, adj, n, adj
derivev
desertn
designn+v
desiren+v
despiteprep
destroy, destructionv, n
detail, detailedn, adj
detect, detective, v, n, n
detection
determine, determinationv, n
develop, developmentv, n
devicen
devisev
diagramn
dialoguen
die, deathv, n
differencen
differentiate, differentiationv, n
difficultyn
dilemman
dimensionn
diminishv
direct, directlyv+adj, adv
disciplinenScience is a discipline .
Classroom discipline.
discoveryn
discriminate, discriminationv, n
diseasen
dish(es)n
displayv+n
dispose, disposalv, n
dissatisfiedadj
distance, distantn, adj
distinction, distinguishn, v
distribute, distributionv, n
districtn
disturb, disturbancev, n
diverse, diversityadj, n
divisionn
documentv
domainn
domesticadj
dominant, dominate, dominationadj, v, n
doubleadj
dozenadj+n
draftn+adj
drawingn
drivern
drugn
dualadj
dutyn
dynamic(s)adj
e.g
earnv
easilyadj
Eastern+adj
easternadj
economic, economically, economics, economyadj, adv, n, n
edgen
edit, editorv, n
educate, educationalv, adj
effectiveadj
efficient, efficiently, efficiencyadj, adv, n
eggn
elect, electionv, n
electronicadj
elementn
elementaryadj
eliminate, eliminationv, adj
elsewhereadv
emerge, emergence, emergingv, n, adj
emergencyn
emotion, emotionaln, adj
emphasize, emphasisv, n
employ, employee, employer, employmentv, n, n, n
enablev
encounterv+n
endv
endnDo the means justify the end?
enemyn
engage, engagement, engagedv, n, adjThey engaged in the task.
The couple became engaged.
engineer, engineeringn, n
enhancev
ensurev
enterprisen
entire, entirelyadj, adv
entitledadj You are entitled to a promotion.
entrancen
entryn
environmentaladj
equally, equalityadv, n
equip, equipmentv, n
equivalentadj+n
eran
errorn
escapev, n
essential, essentiallyadj, adv
establish, established, v, adj, n
establishment
estimate, estimationv, n, n
etc.adv
ethicaladj
ethnicadj
Europeanadj
evaluate, evaluationv, n
evenadjEven numbers
eventn
eventuallyadv
everywhereadv
evidencen
evident, evidentlyadj, adv
evolve, evolutionv, n
exceed, excessivev, adj
exceptprepExcept for
exchangen+v
exclude, exclusionv, n
exclusive, exclusivelyadj, adv
executiven+adj
exercisev
exhibit, exhibitionv, n
exist, existing, existencev, adj, n
exitn+v
expand, expansionv, n
expectation(s)n
expense(s), expensiven, v
experiencev
experimentn+v
expert, expertisen, n
explicit, explicitlyadj, adv
exploit, exploitationv, n
explore, explorationv, n
exportn+v
expose, exposedn, adj
expressionnAn idiomatic expression.
She had a sad expression on her face.
extend, extended, v, adj, n, n
extension, extent
externaladj
facev
facilitatev
facilityn
factn
factorn
factoryn
failuren
fairlyadv
faith, faithful, faithfullyn, adj, adv
fall(=autumn)n
familiaradj
fannShe's a great fan of classical music.
farm, farmern, n
fashion, fashionablen, adj
favor, favorablen, adj
featuren
feen
feel, feelingv, n
female, feminineadj, adj
figuren, vThe figure '2'. She has a slim figure.
The figures on this survey show a population increase.
I can't figure it out.
filev
financial, financeadj, n
findingsn
firev
firmadj
firmnI work for an international firm.
fitadjWe keep fit by having regular exercise.
We don't think you are fit for the job.
flexible, flexibilityadj, n
flightnThe flight to New York is late.
flown+v
focusn+v
folkn+adjFolk music.
They are nice folk.
forestn
formal, formally, formalityadj, adv, n
formatn+adj
formeradjShe is a former president of the company.
The former/the latter.
formulate, formulav, n
forumn
fractionn
framen
frameworkn
France, Frenchn, n+adj
free, freedomadj, n
frequent, frequently, frequencyadj, adv, n
fueln
fullyadv
function, functionaln+v, adj
fundn+vThey set up a fund to build a school.
The rich man funded the institution.
fundamental, fundamentallyadj, adv
furtheradj+advFurther research is needed.
We don't need to look further.
furthermoreadv
gainn+v
gaten
gendern
generallyadv
generatev
generationn
gentleadj
gentlemann
geography, geographicn, adj
German, Germanyadj+n, n
global, globally, globalizationadj, adv, n
goaln
godn
gold, goldenn+adj, adj
goodsn
governv
grantn+vShe got a grant to go to University.
I was granted an extension to finish my assignment.
graphn
greatlyadv
groupn+v
growthn
guardn+v
guessv+n
guestn
guide(n&v), guidance, guidelinesv
gunn
handvHe handed her the book.
handlen
hardwaren
headn+vShe is the head of the company.
He headed the investigation.
We headed home.
hearingnMy hearing is not too good.
heavenn
helln
henceadv
hero, heroinen, n
hierarchyn
highlightn+vThat was the highlight of our trip! I highlighted the most important words in the text.
highlyadv
hilln
hirev+nWe hired a car.
The car was for hire.
historical, historicallyadj, adv
holen
homemakernHousewife or househusband
hopeful, hopefullyn, adv
horizontaladj
horsen
hostn+v
human, humanity(=mankind)n+adj, n
humanbeingn
humanitiesn
hypothesisn
i.e.adv
icen
ideal, ideally, idealism, idealistn+adj, adv, n, n
identicaladj
identificationn
ignore, ignorant, ignorancev, adj, n
illegaladj
illnessn
illustrate, illustrationv, n
image, imageryn
imaginationn
immediateadj
immigrate, immigrant, immigrationv, n, n
immoraladj
impactn
implementation, implementn, v
implication, implyn, v
implicitadj
importn+v
importancen
imposev
impress, impressive, impressionv, adj, n
improvementn
incentiven
incident, incidentallyn, adv
includingadj
incomen
increasinglyadv
independencen
indexn
India, Indiann, n+adj
indicate, indication, indicatorv, n, n
indirectadj
individuallyadv
industry, industrialn, adj
inevitable, inevitablyadj, adv
inferioradj
influencen+v
informv
informaladj
infrastructuren
inherent, inherentlyadj, adv
initial, initiallyadj, adv
initiativen
injury, injuredn, adj
innovationn
inputn
inquire, inquiry (enquire, enquiry)n
insightn
insistv
instant, instantlyadj, adv
institute, institutionn, n
instructionn
instrumentn
insurance, insuren, v
integrate, integrationv, n
integrityn
intellectualadj+n
intelligence(millitary)n
intend, intentionv, n
intense, intensiveadj, adj
interact, interaction, interactivev, n, adj
interestnThis topic raises a lot of interest.
I invested the money in order to earn interest.
internaladj
interpret, interpretationv
interventionn
introduce, introductionv, n
inventionn
invest, investmentv, n
investigate, investigationv, n
invisibleadj
involvementn
ironn+adjThis tool is made of iron.
irresponsible
Islamn
Japan, Japanesen, adj+n
jointadjWe worked together; it was a joint project.
journaln
journalist, journalismn, n
Judaismn
judgment, judgen, n+v
jumpn+v
just, justiceadj, n
justifyv
key(adj)adj
killv
king, kingdomn, n
kitn
kitchenn
kneen
knowledgen
labeln+v
laborn
lackn
landv
landscapen
languagen
largelyadv
lastv, adj
lateadjThe late Frank Zappa.
lattern, adjformer / latter
laughtern
law, lawyer, n, n
leadershipn
leafnThe leaf on a tree.
leanv
legn
legal, legallyadj, adv
lengthn, v
leveln
liftv
liftnI need a lift to Jerusalem.
lightadj
lipsn
listn+v
literature, literaryn
localadj
locate, locationv
logic, logicaln, adj
long-termadj
look(s)n
lossn
lovelyadj
lowerv
luckilyadv
madamn
maintain, maintenancev, n
major, majorityadj, n
male, masculineadj, adj
manage, manager, management, v, n, n
mannern
mannersn
manufacturen
market, marketingv, n
marriage, marriedn, adj
mass, massiven, adj
mastern+v
meann+adj, n A statistical mean; the mean result.
He's really mean, I don't like him.
measure, measurementv+b, n
mechanismn
median
medical, medicineadj, nA medical student.
You have to take your medicine every day.
She's studying medicine.
membershipn
mental, mentallyadj, adv
merely, mereadv, adj
metaln+adj
methodn
milen
militaryadj
minimal, minimizeadj, v
minister, ministryn, n
minority, minorn, adj
mirrorn
missvI missed the train.
I miss my mother very much.
missionn
mobileadj, nI have a new mobile (phone).
(British for cell phone)
moden
modeln+v
modify, modificationv, n
monitorv
moral, moralityadj, n
moreoveradv
mostlyadv
motive, motivate, motivationn, v, n
motorn
movementn
multiple, multiplyadj, v
municipal, municipalityadj, n
murderv+n
mutual, mutuallyadj, adv
mythn
namev
natural, naturallyadj
nearlyadv
necessarily, necessityadj
neckn
needn
negativeadj
negotiate, negotiationv, n
netadjNet income
networkn
neutraladj
nevertheless, nonethelessadv
normn
normallyadv
northernadj
nosen
notionn
noveln
nuclearadj
numerousadj
nursen+v
object, objectionv, n
objectiven
objectiveadj
oblige, obligationnI was obliged to agree.
observe, observationv, n
obtainv
obvious, obviouslyadj, adv
occasionn
occasionallyadv
occupy, occupationv, nIs this chair occupied?
occurv
oceann
offend, offence, offenderv, n, nI was offended by his remark.
The offender was fined ten thousand shekels.
offensen
officer, official, officiallyn, adj, adv
ongoingadj
openingnThe opening of the new theatre.
oppose, oppositionv, n
option, optional, optionallyn, adj, adv
organizationn
origin, original, originallyv
otherwiseadv
outcomen
outlinen+v
outputn
overalladj, adv
own, ownerv, n
p.m.adv
packagen
pain, painfuln, adj
paint, painting, painterv, n, n
parliamentn
part, partialn
participate, participationv
particularlyadv
partlyadv
passagenA passage between two houses.
A passage of prose.
passiven, adj
patternn
pay, paymentn, n
peace, peaceful, peacefullyn, adj, adv
peppern
perprep
perceive, perceptionv
percent, percentageadv, n
perform, performancev, n
periodn
permanent, permenantlyadj, adv
permit, permissionv, n
person)
personal, personallyadj, adv Personally, I don't agree.
Personal taste.
personalityn
perspectiven
persuade
phasen
phenomenon, phenomenan
physicaladj
physicsadj
pilotn
placev
planetn
planningn
plantn+v
plasticn+adj
play, playern, n
pleasurenIt's a pleasure! (response to thanks)
pocketn
pointn
pointv
policyn
politics, politician, politicaln, n, adj
poolnA pool of water.
A pool of resources.
populationn
positive, positivelyadj, adv
possess, possession, v, n, v
possessive
possibly, possibilityadv, n
postvWe posted our responses on the forum.
I posted my letter. (British)
potentialn, adj
pourv
povertyn
practicaladj
practicallyadv
precise, preciselyn
predict, predictionv, n
prepare, preparationv, n
present, presenceadj, n
presentationn
presidentn
pressnThe main headlines in the press.
press, pressurev, n
prettyadj
prettyadv
prevent, preventionv, n
previous, previouslyadj, adv
priden
primaryadj
principaladj, n
principlen
prior, priorityadj, n
prison, prisonern, n
probable, probabilityadj, n
problematicadj
proceed, procedurev, n
processv
produce, product, productionv, n, n
profession, professionaln, adj
profilen
profit, profitablen+v, adj
progress, progressiven+v, adj
projectn
projectv
promisev+n
promote, promotionv+n
properlyadv
propertyn
proportionn
propose, proposalv, n
prospectn
protectionn
protestn+v
provisionnThe provision of essential supplies.
psychology, psychologicaln, adj
publish, publicationv, n
pullv
pursuev
qualityn
quantityn
race, racial, racismn, adj, n
radicaladj
randomadj
rangen
rapid, rapidlyadj, adv
raten
ratingn
ration
rationaladj
rationalen
react, reactionv, n
readilyadv
realityn
reasonableadj
recallv
receiptn
receptionnPlease go to the reception at the hotel.
The President had a warm reception.
recognitionn
recommend, recommendationv, n
recover, recoveryv, n
recruit, recruitmentv, n
reduce, reductionv, n
refer, referencev, n
reflect, reflectionv, n
reformv+n
refugeen
refuse, refusalv, n
regardv+n
regardingprep
regimen
region, regionaln, adj
regulationn
reinforcen, v
reject, rejectionv, n
relationshipn
relative, relativelyadj, adv
releasev+n
relevant, relevanceadj, n
relief, relievedn, adj
rely, reliablev, adj
represent, representative, representationv, n+adj, n
require, required, requirementv, adj, n
researchn+v+adj
resident, reside, residentialn+adj, v, adj
resist, resistancen+v
resolve, resolutionv, nShe resolved to leave.
We resolved the problem.
The UN approved the resolution.
resourceadv
respectivelyadv
respond, responsev, n
restaurantn
restrict, restrictionv, n
retainv
revealv
reviewn+v
revise, revision v, nThe author was asked to revise the article.
We revised the material before the test. (British)
revolution, revolutionaryn, adj
ringn, vShe wore a ring.
I heard a ring.
Please ring me when you have time.
ritualn
rocknWe climbed up to the rock at the top of the mountain.
rollv+nThe ball rolled into a corner.
A bread roll.
roofn
rootn
routen
rownWe stood in a row.
ruraladj
rushv+n
Russia, Russiann, adj+n
safetyn
salaryn
samplen
sanctionsn
satisfy, satisfactionv, n
scalenLarge-scale, small-scale
scenarion
scenen
sceneryn
schemen
science, scientific, scientistn, adj, n
scoren The score was 2-1.
screenn+v
secondlyadvShe was introduced first of all as a brilliant scientist, and secondly as a composer.
sectionn
sectorn
secure, securityadj, n
seekv
select, selectionv, n
senioradj
sensitive, sensitivityadj, n
separate, separationadj+v, n
sequencen
seriesn
seriouslyadv
servantn
settingn
settle, settlementv, n
severe, severelyadj, adv
shadown
shakevShake hands.
sharev
shipn
short-termadj
shotn
shouldern
sightn
signaln
significant, significantly, significanceadj, adv, n
sirn
skill, skilledn, adj
slight, slightlyadj, adv
slipv+nHe slipped and fell. I made a slip in spelling.
snown
softwaren
soldiern
sole, solelyadj, adv
solutionn
somehowadv
somewhatadv
somewhereadv
souln
sourcen
southernadj
spatialadj
specializev
specify, specific, specificallyv, adj, adv
speechn
spirit, spiritualn, adj
spotn
spreadn+v
stableadj
stairsn
standvWhere do you stand on this issue?
staren
statisticsn
statusv
stealv
steeln
stereotypen, v
stimulatev
stockn
stonen
stormn
strategy, strategicn, adj
strength, strengthenn, v
stress, stressfuln, adj
stretchv
stronglyadv
structuren
strugglen+v
studion
subjectiveadj
subsequent, subsequentlyadj, adv
substancen
substantialadj
success, successful, successfullyn, adj, adv
suffer, sufferingv, n
sufficient, sufficientlyadj, adv
sugarn
suitn
suit, suitablev, adj
sumn
summarize, summaryv, n
supplyv+n
surelyadj
surfacen, adj
surgerynHe had surgery, but is recovering well.
I went to the surgery to consult the doctor.
surround, surroundingsv, n
surveyv+n
survive, survivalv, n
suspectv
sustainv
symboln
systemnThe education system.
We have a new system of grading exams.
tablenThe figures are shown in a table.
talkn
targetn
taskn
tastenIt's a question of taste.
teaching(s)v+nThe teachings of Socrates.
tearvTo tear a piece of paper.
tearnHe had tears in his eyes.
technicaladj
techniquen
technology, technologicaln, adj
temperaturen
temporary, temporarilyadj, adv
tendencyn
termn
termsnThe terms of the agreement.
territoryn
theatern
themen
theoryn
therebyadv
threat, threatenn, v
thusadv
tiev
tinyadj
tipnGive a good tip.
The tip of an iceberg.
Give the waiter a tip.
tiredadj
tonenA tone of voice A telephone ring-tone.
toothn
totallyadv
touchn+vHe was touched by her kind words.
A touch screen.
toughadj
tracknWe walked along the track.
Please play the first track on the disk.
tradition, traditional, traditionallyn, adj, adv
transferv
transformv
transmitv
transport, transportationn, n
traveln
trekv+n
trendn
trialn
troopsn
trulyadv
trustn+v
truthn
twiceadv
typical, typicallyadj, adv
unableadj
unemployed, unemploymentadj, n
unfortunatelyadv
unionn
uniqueadj
unite, unitedv, adj
universe, universaln, adj
universityn
unlikelyadj
upperadj
urbanadj
use, usern, n
validadj, n
value, valuablen, adj
variety, variationn, n
vary, various, variedv, adj, adj
vehiclen
versionn
verticaln
viaprep
victimn
victoryn
videon+adj
violent, violenceadj, n
virtual, virtuallyadj, advVirtual reality.
I understood virtually all of what they said.
virtuen
visibleadj
visionnHe is a man of vision.
Her vision is poor.
visitorn
vitaladj
volumenThe volume was very loud.
What is the volume of a cube?
voluntaryadj
volunteern+v
vote, votern, n
waven
wayn
weak, weaknessn, n
weaponn
weekendn, adj
welfaren
westernadj
whereasconj
whompron
wickedadj
widelyadv
widthn
wildn
willnWhere there's a will there's a way.
willingadj
winen
wingnThe wing of a bird.
winnern
withdrawn+v
witnessn
workshopn
writern
yardnThe yard behind a house.
youthnI remember my youth.
The youth of today.
zonen

To the Proficiency Level Grammar

Chunk Example sentences
be no good/be not any/much good
come outThe books comes out next month.
concerned withThe article is concerned with matters of health.
consist of
for the sake of
hold up sb/sth /
in favor of
in need of
in sth terms / in terms of sthIn political terms, the move was a failure.
line up (sb/sth) / line (sb/sth) upPlease line up to get your certificates.
make out sth /make sth outCould you make out his meaning?
make up one's your mind / make your mind up
make up sth / make sth up, I made up a story
on the grounds (that/of)I declined the offer on the grounds of my health.
open up sth / open sth up
or something (like that)
put up sb / put sb upCan you put me up overnight?
rely on/upon
result in
run intoI ran into him the other day which was a nice surprise.
short term / in the short term / long term/ in the long term
shut down (sth) /shut down (sth)We shut down the computer.
stand forUN stands for United Nations
take advantage of sth/sbdI took advantage of my free time to catch up on work.
You shouldn't take advantage of someone's weakness.
take back sth/take sth back
take on sb/take sb on/take on sth/take sth on,We took on too much work.
We took too much work on ourselves.
take over sth/take sth over
take up sth/take sth upIt takes up too much time.
She took up dancing.
the thing is…
think over sth or
up to date, out of date
worth sth/doing sth
(just) in case
a degree ofYou need a degree of confidence to succeed.
a handful of
about to do sthI was about to call you when you rang.
aimed atThese activities are aimed at senior citizens.
all in all
all sorts of sth
all the way
among other things
as a matter of fact
as a whole
as follows
as for
as though
at a timetwo at a time
at first sight
at risk
at the expense of
at times
attached to sb or sth
back sb / sth up
back up sb / sth /
be able to do sth
be the caseThat is not the case, it's not true
be to blame
bear in mind
bear/keep in mind
better off
blow upThe children blew up the balloons for the birthday party.
They blew up the old building with dynamite
bound toIt's bound to happen, inevitable.
break downThe old car broke down
break offWe broke off the discussion to have coffee
break outa disease broke out and many people died
break upThey broke up the meeting.
bring upThe chairperson brought up a new issue.
The parents bring up their children.
by / in contrast (to)
by farThey are by far the best team in the country
by means of
by means of sth
by no means
by now
call forI'll come by and call for you at eight o'clock at your home.
can tellI can tell by your smile that you are satisfied.
care forShe cares for her old mother.
carry on sth / carry
catch up (with)Let's meet and catch up! I was walking faster than he was, so I soon caught up with him.
check outCheck out of the hotel by 12 o'clock.
check out sth /check sth outWe checked out the area: it's safe.
clean upPlease clean up after you’ve finished working here.
close down sth /close sth down
come across sth/ sbI came across this idea as I was reading.
come down with sthHe came down with the flu
come on!
come overPlease come over when you're in town!
come true
come up (to)A stranger came up (to me) to ask for directions
come up with sth,She came up with an amazing idea.
common sense
contrary to
cope with
cut offWe talked on the telephone until we were cut off.
do so
during/in/over the course of
end upShe studied medicine but ended up being a teacher.
even so
except that/for
fail to do sthI failed to complete the assignment on time.
He failed to turn up.
figure out sth/sb,
figure sth/sb out
fond of
for good
for life
for long
for some time
for the moment
free from
from time to time
full-time
get away withHe cheated and got away with it.
get intoHe got into University.
get itI just don't get it.
get on sb nerves
get on withShe gets on well with her neighbors.
get outDon't get out before I park the car.
get overShe couldn't get over her disappointment.
get rid of
get through
get toI'm worried where they got to, they're very late.
give back sth /give sth back
give inI finally gave in to his persuasion, and agreed to do it.
give out sth / give sth outPlease give out the books to the students.
go for it!
go for sthYou should go for the auditions as you are good at singing.
go intoWe'll go into details later.
go offThey stayed for a while, and then went off.
The milk wasn't fresh and went off quickly.
go overPlease go over your work before you submit it.
go through
good for you!
grow up
hand out sth /
hand over sth/sb /
hand sth out
hand sth/sb over
hang onHang on, it won't take long!
hold back sth /He held back his tears.
hold onhold on a minute, I am not ready!
hold sb/sth up
hold sth back
how come
How/What about …?
I suppose (so)
I/you/he etc. had better do sthYou'd better see a doctor.
if only
if so
if you like
I'm afraidI'm afraid you're wrong
in a way
in advance
in case of sth
in detail
in full
in itselfThe book wasn't interesting in itself but the illustrations were good.
in part
in practiceIn practice, the rules have had a positive effect.
in public
in relation toBuying a house is expensive in relation to income.
We have questions in relation to your decision.
in return (for)
in short
in that case
in the first placeThere are various reasons for this.
In the first place…..
in the first placeWhy didn't you say so in the first place.
in the form of sth
in the light of sthIn light of the new information….
in the long run
in the meantime
in this respect / in many respects
in view of
in/by contrast
in/with regard to
it would appear (that)
it's a good thing
just about
just asJust as I was leaving….
Her painting was just as good as his.
keep on doing sth
keep up sth / keep
let aloneHe can't take care of his pet dog let alone a baby!
long-term
look down on sb
look out for sb/sth
Look out!
made up of
make a (big) difference, make no difference
make no difference/not make any difference
Make up one’s/your mind
make use of
make-up, make upShe made up her face with new make-up
more or less
move on
never heard of sb/ sth
next door (adv)
next-door (adj)
next-door neighbor, the flat next door
no such thing
no wonder
nothing but
now and then
old fashioned
on and off
on average
on behalf of
on boardThere were 500 passengers on board.
on the contrary
or soten or so
other than
out ofThe table is made out of wood.
Out of all the people I saw today, I enjoyed seeing you the most!
out of date
owing to
part-time
pass away
pass on sth / pass sth onPlease pass on this message as soon as you can.
pay attention (to sth)
pay off sth / payWe paid off our debts at last!
His efforts paid off.
point out sth /
point sth out
prior to
provided that
put down sth / put sth downPut down your bags and come in.
put forward sth / put sth forwardThe students have put forward a proposal to shorten the term.
put off sth / put sth off
put on sth / put sth on
put sth together /put together sth
put up withI won't put up with this nonsense!
refer toHe referred to his parents as ""my folks"".
regardless (of)
relate(d) to sb/sthMany youngsters can't relate to old people.
run out (of)We ran out of paper.
run overThe car ran over the inspector.
set offThey set off on their journey.
set outThey set out at sunrise
set out / set out sth / set sth outThe teacher set out the rules on the first day of class.
settle down
shake hands
shake your headHe shook his head in disagreement.
short of sthHe was short of time.
show upShe showed up earlier than expected.
shut (sb) upYou're talking too much: shut up!
slow down
so as to
so-calledHis so-called friends didn't help him.
stand out
stand up for sb/ sth
stand up to sb/sth
start out
sth
sth off, pay off
sth on
sth up
straight away
such as
sum up sth/sb/sum sth/sb up
supposed to do/ be sthYou were supposed to be ready at six o'clock.
take for granted
take offThe plane took off (fly).
I took off my hat (remove).
take turns
that sort of thing
that's it
the idea of
the main thing
the other day/ week
the other way round/around
these days
things like that
think sth over
throw upIf you eat too much chocolate you might throw up.
to date
to some extent/to a certain extent
turn (sth) back
turn down sb/sth /She proposed marriage and he turned her down.
turn down sth / turn sth downPlease turn down the volume. Please turn it down.
turn off sth / turn sth off
turn on sth / turn sth on
turn outEverything turned out well.
We were turned out of our house.
turn sb/sth down
turn sb/sth into sb/sthThe frog turned into a prince.
The witch turned the prince into a frog.
turn toShe had nobody to turn to for help.
turn upHe turned up unexpectedly.
turn up sth / turn sth up , turn up (somewhere)Please turn up the volume. Please turn it up.
up and downThe children were running up and down the hall.
up to date
well-being
Who cares?!
with a view to doing sth
with respect to
work outI work out at the gym three times a week.
work sth out / work out sth
Would you like …?
write sth down or write down sth

Learners apply their grammatical knowledge in order to achieve the benchmarks at the Proficiency Level. The lists below, alphabetically ordered, refer to grammatical components to be taught explicitly: the rule is taught, practiced and applied. The lists are according to syntax, verbs, nouns, adjectives/adverbs, prepositions and conventions of print and prosody. The lists do not include grammar that learners are exposed to in the teaching/learning process in the classroom.

Syntax
  • use complex sentence structure using connectors, such as: however, in spite of, nonetheless
  • use complex sentence structure in order to express, for example, conditions, wishes
  • use complex sentence structure that includes the use of a variety of grammatical structures
  • second conditional
  • third conditional
  • wish clauses
  • zero conditional
Verbs
  • future perfect
  • modal perfect
  • passive – all tenses
  • past perfect progressive
  • present perfect progressive Writing Conventions
  • uses of italicization
  • use of a comma to separate introductory or independent clauses
Writing Conventions
  • uses of italicization
  • use of a comma to separate introductory or independent clauses